The vestibular system includes the parts of the inner ear and brain that process the sensory information involved with controlling balance and eye movements. If disease or injury damages these processing areas, then vestibular disorders can result. When the vestibular system is damaged, the brain can no longer rely on it for accurate information about equilibrium and motion, often resulting in dizziness, vertigo, and balance problems.
Vestibular rehabilitation is an exercise-based therapy program that can help eliminate or significantly reduce an individualâ€™s symptoms. A vestibular rehabilitation program is designed to decrease an individualâ€™s dizziness and visual symptoms, as well as increase their balance and walking functions, which will ultimately increase the individualâ€™s general activity level.
Common causes of vestibular dysfunction include:
Migraine related dizziness
Post Concussive Syndrome/Head Trauma
Ototoxicity (ex. Gentamicin toxicity)
Mal de Debarquement Syndrome
Therapy may include:
Exercises for coordinating eyes and head movements
Performing habituation exercises to desensitize the vestibular system